After the Civil War, more factories appeared in the United States More factories meant that more people were needed to work in them. These people came from all over the country and all over the world. At the time, there were no laws to stop children from working in a factory, so many of the workers were small children.Many children left school and went to work when they were only twelve or thirteen years old. If a family member was hurt, the son or daughter had to go to work at an even younger age. Children as young as eight worked in factories. By the end of the 1800s,twenty percent of children from ten to sixteen were work in all the children had a hard life. Because of their age, factory owners paid them less money. Children could not do the work of men, so factory owners thought it was deserved to pay them less. Also, paying them less meant the factory owner made more money.Working for too long hours was another big problem. Most children worked for twelve to fourteen hours a day. There was no time for them to go to school and it was bad for their health. Without an education, the children had no hope of learning skills to get a better job.Today Americans and the people all over the world feel that child labor is wrong. So most countries have made laws to stop it and care for the children well.
- ( )1. Why were so many small children workers in America after the Civil War?
A. Because more factories appeared
B. Because many children left school
C. Because their families were too poo
D. Because there were no laws to stop it
- ( )2. How old were the youngest child labors in American history according the passage?
- ( )3. What does the underlined word "deserved" mean in Chinese?
- ( )4. What did harm to children’s health?
A.Too long working hours
B.No chance to go to school
C.Too less pay
- ( )5.What’s the passage about?
A. More factories needed more workers.
B. The problem of American child labors.
C. Many countries made laws to stop child labors.
D. Children in America left school at a young age.
6.个人问题:What do you think about “child labor”?至少50个单词。
小组问题:What do you think about “child labor”?至少60个单词。
When you are learning English, you' l find it not clever to put an English sentence word into your own language. Take the sentence "How do you do? "for example. If you look up each word in the dictionary, then what is your translation? It must be a wrong sentence in your own language.Languages do not just have different sounds, they are also different in many ways. It important to master the rules for word order in the study of English, too. If the speakers put words in the wrong order, the listeners can't understand the speakers sentence easily. Sometimes when the order of words in an English sentence changes, the meaning of the sentence changes too. But sometimes when the order is changed, the meaning of the sentence doesn’t change, Let’s see the difference between the two pairs of sentences.
"She only likes apples. ""Only she likes apples. "
"I have seen the film already. ""I have already seen the film. "
When you are learning English, you must do your best to get the spirit of the language and use it as the English speaker does.
- ( )7. From the passage we know that when we are learning English________.
A. we shouldn't put a sentence word by word into our own language
B. we should look up every word in the dictionary
C. we need to put every word into our own language
D. we must read word by word
- ( )8. The writer thinks it is_________in learning English
A. difficult to understand different sounds
B. possible to remember the word order
C. important to master the rules for word order
D. easy to master the rules for word order
- ( )9.We can learn from the passage that_______.
A. the meaning of an English sentence always changes with the order of the words
B. the order of words can never change the meaning of an English sentence
C. sometimes different order of words has a different meaning
D. if the order of words is different, the meaning of the sentence must be different
- ( )10. "She only likes apples "______.
A. is the same as“Only she likes apples．”
B. is different from "Only she likes apples．”
C. means "She likes fruit except apples.”
D. means“She doesn't like apples.”
- ( )11.Which is the best title for the passage?
A. Pay Attention to the Translation of the English Sentences
B. Master the Rules for Word Order
C. The Importance of Learning English
D. How to Learn English
12.个人问题:How do you learn English?至少50个单词。
小组问题:How do you learn English?至少60个单词。
You may know that some English words come from French.One interesting thing is that when we talk about meat at the table, we use French words. But when we talk about animals, English words are used. For example, a pig is called "pig" when it's living, but it's called "pork" when it is killed and when its meat is brought to the table.When the Normans（诺曼人） ruled England，English farmers were made to raise
animals for food, but they could not eat the meat. The meat was sent to the Normans' tables. The farmers could only eat rabbit, because rabbit all over the fields and rabbit meat was cheap. So the meat of a rabbit was not changed into a French Word.It was called "rabbit" by the English farmers at that time and is still called rabbit today.
- ( )13. We know that the word "pork" is______.
A. a kind of animal
B. really an English word
C. really a French word
D. used only by Frenchmen
- ( )14. The English famers were made t raise animals by______.
A. the farmers themselves
B. the landlords（地主）
C. the Normans
D. the owners of the animals
- ( )15. Which of the following sentence is WRONG?
A. A rabbit is a kind of animal
B. "Pig" is another way of saying "pork
C. The expressions of some meat of animals were changed into French words.
D. The farmers could eat rabbit. because it was cheap when the Normans ruled England
- ( )16. When the meat of a cattle(奶牛)is brought to a table, it is_______.
A.known as "pork" in English
B.a kind of French food
C.changed to another thing
D. called "beef" in English now
- ( )17.In the sentence " When the Normans ruled England", which of the following can substitute（替换）“ruled”？
A. had power to control the country and the people of
B. moved to live in
C. were born in
D. became the king of
18.个人问题:How to understand "the meat of a rabbit was not changed into a French Word"?至少50个单词。
小组问题:How to understand "the meat of a rabbit was not changed into a French Word"?至少60个单词。
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